Raising horses means having to make up for a large number of problems. This is a complex activity that requires responsibility, time, dedication and considerable financial investment. But it is a very rewarding activity.
The horse is a noble, intelligent and sensitive animal. If properly grown, it will become your ideal life partner. Here is a series of useful information and practical tips for those who want to enter the fascinating world of horse breeding.
Basic information for raising horses
The horse is an animal that can live up to 25/30 years. This means that your commitment should be considered in the medium to long term. Providing an ideal space (box, stable), food, hygiene and exercise are the main factors to consider if you want to raise horses.
If you are now starting to take care of these extraordinary animals, there are some guidelines that are worth following. It is ideal to start with a mare or a neutered stallion. We are talking about more calm specimens, used to being with people. The animal’s confidence is achieved gradually, over time, treating it in a patient and gentle way. Avoid sudden movements, violence, do not shout. Stroke your face and neck gently, without showing fear.
An adequate space
In order for the animal to feel at ease, it is better to prepare a hectare of grassy ground on which it can run and move. It will be carefully fenced and without barbed wire.
The type of lawn should be checked especially to prevent the growth of toxic herbs or plants that your horse could accidentally ingest. For example ferns, laurel, horsetail, castor oil, sorghum, St. James’s grass, sycamore and oleander. The horse is an herbivorous animal that usually eats many times a day in small quantities. Therefore, it is essential to pay attention to what grows near fences and outdoor stables.
One element to consider before deciding to raise a horse is the space that will be used. You must set up a shelter that protects the animal from adverse weather conditions and where it can sleep. You will have to keep everything clean, checking every day that the animal lives in conditions of maximum hygiene.
To allow the animal to rest even on the ground, you can use straw. It is cheaper, but it can present fungal elements that can make the animal ill. More expensive are the wood chips, more expensive, or hemp.
Being a grazing animal, the horse ingests few amounts of food but several times a day. The right food consists of bales of hay, alfalfa or mixed feed. It is good to enrich this meal with industrial preparations that provide the necessary vitamins.
An animal weighing 450 kg, of medium size, ingests about 9-10 kg of food daily. However, the ideal is to consult a veterinarian. He will show you the right food according to the weight and exercise that your beloved quadruped realizes.
A fundamental point, not to be underestimated, concerns the availability of water. This extraordinary animal consumes about 15/20 liters a day under normal conditions. You will need to set up an adequate water trough and make sure there is always fresh, clean water.
Cleansing hygiene and care
To properly raise a horse, it is essential to maintain a high level of cleanliness and to check the general health of the animal, resorting to the necessary care, whenever there is an emergency.
It is advisable to brush the hair regularly, observing if there are signs of cuts, wounds, ticks or possible diseases. Wash it on hot days with a suitable shampoo. Once dry, use a soft brush and a wide-toothed comb to use on a mane and tail. This operation must be done gently and without too much pressure.
The hooves deserve special attention and must be viewed by a professional farrier. Shoeing and cleaning the hooves is a very important and delicate operation because it greatly affects the health, balance and longevity of your horse.
The importance of keeping the horse fit
The amount of exercise depends on the age and health of the horse. It is recommended, with due monitoring, to perform one hour of exercise four times a week.
Physical activity is very useful for horse health:
- Keeps muscles and joints in shape.
- Strengthens the bond of trust with the owner.
- It is used to relieve stress and excess anxiety.
Additional tips for raising horses
- Regularly clean the stall or box. Stagnant droppings and urine are harmful to the hooves and the health of the animal, which can be depressed if it lives in a dirty environment.
- Make regular visits to the vet for routine reviews, administer vaccines and de-worm the animal.
- Check your teeth at least once a year.
- Call your trusted farrier for hoof cleaning and shoeing.
- Never approach from behind and avoid shouting when you are close to him. It could kick or act unpredictably.
- Try to spend time with the animal as well as riding it. This will strengthen your trust in you, strengthening your friendship.